The Gender Pay Gap in 2019 & How to Overcome It

Women have a history of jumping through hurdles on their journey up the corporate ladder. Fighting for equal pay is one of them. The phenomenon of the gender pay gap is a devastatingly embarrassing blight on the professional structure worldwide.

While the gap is shrinking, the numbers are still rather shocking. A study by Glassdoor of over 400,000 positions found that men make an average of 21% more than women overall. Women are still earning just .79 cents for every dollar that a man makes in the same position.

To understand what is happening, it is helpful to look at industries where the gender pay gap is most prominent and where it is lacking.

US jobs with largest pay gap


Jobs with the Largest Gender Pay Gap

When looking at jobs with the largest gender pay gap in 2019, most are traditionally male-dominated industries that have had difficulty responding to shifting demographics and efforts to have wage transparency.

Pilot: 26.6%
Chef: 24.6%
C-Suite executive: 24%
Computer programmer: 11.6%
Professor: 11%

US jobs with smallest gender pay gap

Jobs with the Smallest Gender Pay Gap

Glassdoor’s report wasn’t all bad news. There are actually a few positions where women outearn men. However, it’s not surprising that many of these professions are female-dominated and not as high paying as the roles listed above.

Merchandiser: -7.8%
Research assistant: -5.9%
Social worker: -3%
Military officer: -1.5%
Environmental specialist: -0/8%

Gender Pay Gap by State

Similarly to the way the gender pay gap varies by industry, it varies by state as well. A lot of this has to do with the economy of each state as well as whether or not they have passed any laws that discourage wage discrimination. Below are all 50 states and their current pay gap.

Gender pay gap by state



How to Combat the Gender Wage Gap Today

While it is true that the wage gap is shrinking, there are still many industries where this is not the case. By connecting with mentors and learning the right strategies for negotiation, women in the workplace can work to try to avoid some of the common pitfalls associated with the gender wage gap. Below are two major ways women can overcome this obstacle.

Mentorship: Women that have been trailblazers in male-dominated professions are often available as mentors, even looking to help other female candidates to help raise up. The more women that can be mentors, the more it is possible to break into a particular profession. Searching for a mentor through associations and networking opportunities is a great plan. Network with like minded individuals and don’t be afraid to put yourself out there.

Negotiation tactics: Women are less likely to use aggressive negotiation tactics in an interview and therefore tend to settle for lower salaries. Investing in learning negotiation strategies has been shown to level the playing field significantly. Some other potential strategies simply require a change in thought process. For example, it’s been demonstrated that women negotiate more effectively on behalf of others rather than advocating for themselves. By thinking of negotiations as affecting, for example, other women in the field, colleagues, or family members, a woman can learn to negotiate for themselves more effectively.

While it is true that the wage gap is shrinking, there are still many industries where this is not the case. By connecting with mentors and learning the right strategies for negotiation, women in the workplace can work to try to avoid some of the common pitfalls associated with the gender wage gap and get a win that will allow them to soon be mentors for the next generation.



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